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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2581\margr2583\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2581\margrsxn2583\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li10\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-242\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw9\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 ijaka or Aryaka, son of Gopala\sub 3\nosupersub  who did}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li7\fi0\ri2803\sb0\sa0\sl-242\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 e throne in favour of his brother Palaka. \expndtw2 on the other hand, insert one Visakhayupa iwo.\super 1\nosupersub  Then followed Avantivardhana. /as another important centre of Buddhism. lome of several ardent adherents of the Mahakaccana, Sona, Abhaya Kumara, etc.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li113\fi0\ri0\sb7\sa0\sl-242\slmult0\tx6077 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Rhys   Davids   suggests   that   Buddhism,   \sub x\nosupersub . '{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\i\expndtw-11 %$**\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'ab\super\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 :\nosupersub \\}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li7\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-242\slmult0\tx6086 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw10\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 idha, received its garb in Avanti, i.e., the \i ^{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\i0\expndtw-16 ^>* ' ^**}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li7\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-242\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw10\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 ras composed in the form of speech then}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li7\fi0\ri0\sb209\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 'ala:    \i0 The  rise   of Kosala  in   the    very}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li7\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw8\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 >rthem India was an important feature in}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li72\fi0\ri0\sb19\sa0\sl-235\slmult0\tx6036 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw9\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 situation of the sixth century B.C.   Al-{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw-17 ' 4''7\super :\nosupersub X\super 4/\nosupersub "Wi}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li118\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-235\slmult0\tx6026 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw9\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 the time of'Kamsa, who was one of the{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\super\expndtw1 :\nosupersub V/"!y5>^|}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li115\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-235\slmult0\tx6161 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 of  Pasenadi   (Piasenajit),   the   Buddha's{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\i\charscalex147\expndtw-16 *   i/^/^}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li5\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-235\slmult0\tx6086 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw9\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 temporary, the long-drawn struggle bet-{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw0\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'ab\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0  , \i "!$*$$}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li5\fi0\ri0\sb2\sa0\sl-235\slmult0\tx6012 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 .gdom and KasI had ended in the absorption{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw-34 ' V"}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li199\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx6005 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 There are also references in Pali literature{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\i\charscalex119\expndtw-5 \\\\ ;,\sub t\nosupersub ffiffi$}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li5\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx6079 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 hat  the   Sakyas had   accepted   the   hege-{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\i\expndtw-20 \\ \i0\expndtw10\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'95\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 ,;*;,\expndtw-20  \i %J}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li5\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx6002 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Dsala, and Pasenadi is often described as{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw0 :,".*'V'^V^}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li41\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0\tx5993 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 a group of five \i Rajas"   \i0 Besides, his sister's{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\super\expndtw-15 ;\nosupersub      1\expndtw-4 '\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'ab\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 '"\expndtw-15  \i *$\\i}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li5\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 :h Bimbisara, king of Magadha, must have}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li5\fi0\ri0\sb2\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 red his position.    But this very matrimo-}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 sventually became the cause of discord and}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2\fi0\ri0\sb5\sa0\sl-240\slmult0\tx5983 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 r, as we shall see below, when Bimbisara{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw-12 >;;. /|,/\super t\nosupersub i&$'7}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 :o death by his son Ajatasatru, the former's}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw9\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 devl,  died of grief.   Pasenadi then  con-}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2\fi0\ri0\sb7\sa0\sl-240\slmult0\tx5981 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Dwnship of KasI, which had been conferred{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw-3 ;\super v\nosupersub  "<f'';;>$'}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2\fi0\ri0\sb2\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 -money \i (nahdna-c&nnamuld).   \i0 This led to war}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li17\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 ala and Magadha, and it went on for some}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2\fi0\ri0\sb26\sa0\sl-228\slmult0\tx6005 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 mvarying relentlessness but with varying{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw54 V^./^^}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li7\fi0\ri0\sb5\sa0\sl-228\slmult0\tx6002 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 t last, a treaty was drawn up, and Pasenadi{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\i\expndtw-5 [ \i0\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'95\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0  \super tV\nosupersub *\super f\nosupersub ^-f}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f2\fs20\pvpara\phcol\posnegx6259\posnegy60\absw0\absh-370\dfrmtxtx38\dfrmtxty60 {\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex69\expndtw-7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs32 .:*Mr}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-228\slmult0\tx5971 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 isatru the hand of his daughter, Vajira, and{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw-13 .  .  - ?v   >}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 nues of the township of Kaisi in dispute.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb247\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 , this appears to be a mistake.}\par }